Image courtesy of Mark Clifton
North Carolina Early History
At the time of the first European contact, North Carolina was inhabited by a number of native tribes sharing some cultural traits. The major tribes were: The Cherokee were located in the mountains on the western boundaries of the state. Located primarily in the Piedmont area, or central portion, of the state ,were the Cape Fear, Catawba, Cheraw, Sugaree, Waccamaw, Wateree and Waxhaw. The tribes represented the southernmost extension of Northeastern Woodlands were located entirely in the tidewater area of the state. These were the Chowan, Hatteras, Pamlico, Secotan, and Weapomeoc.